Intravenous therapy is the parenteral administration of fluids, medications, nutritional support, blood products and the transfusion of blood. Fluids are delivered through a vascular access device, which is inserted into a peripheral or central vein.
Intravenous therapy may be used to correct electrolyte imbalances, to deliver medications, for blood transfusion or as fluid replacement to correct, for example, dehydration. Compared with other routes of administration, the intravenous route is the fastest way to deliver fluids and medications throughout the body. Some medications, as well as blood transfusions and lethal injections, can only be given intravenously
Method Research Approach: Research design was descriptive research approach. The Conceptual Framework was based on Imogene M. King’s Goal attainment theory. Setting of the Study study was conducted in the BIMR Hospital, Gwalior. Purposive sampling technique was used for 50 staff nurses of BIMR Hospital, Gwalior. The tool developed which includes
Description of the Tool
The tool comprised of three sections
Section - A: Consists of demographic characteristics of nurses seeking information such as age, gender, professional qualification, total clinical experience, availability of necessary equipment’s for IV therapy, any in service educational programme attended, frequency of IV therapy per day.
Section- B: Consists of 30 items pertaining to knowledge regarding administration of IV therapy. It has six part mentioned below.
Part I: Consists of 3 items related to general introduction of IV therapy.
Part II: Consists of 5 items related IV site and IV device.
Part III: Consists of 6 items related to IV fluid and calculation.
Part IV: Consists of 5 items related to insertion of IV device.
Part V: Consists of 4 items related nursing care in IV therapy.
Part VI: Consists of 7 items related to complications of IV therapy and prevention complications.
Score: There were 30 items. Each item has four options with one most appropriate answer. The maximum score for correct response to each item was “one” and incorrect was “zero”. Thus for 30 items these were 30 correct responses with 30 maximum obtainable scores.
Section-C: Consists of 24 items pertaining to practice of IV therapy.
Score: There were 24 items. Each item has two options such as yes, no. Statements carry scores as follows: Yes – 2 and No –1 mark.