Background: The introduction of neuraxial analgesia into obstetric practice took place at the end of the 19th century, one year after Bier, a German surgeon, described six lower extremity operations rendered painless by means “cocainization of the spinal cord”. In Canada, the epidural analgesia rate Vaies between the provinces from 30% to 60% of women using this technique in large hospitals.
Methodology: A quantitative research approach and pre-experimental research design was adopted to conduct study. The non-probability purposive sampling technique was used to select 100 staff nurses of Dist Kangra, Himachal Pradesh. A self-structured knowledge questionnaire was used to assess the level of knowledge. Analysis of collected data was done according to the objectives of the study and data analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Result: The study shows that out of 60 staff nurses, about (46.70%) of staff nurses belongs to age group of 22-27years, all were female (100%), majority (81.7%) were holding GNM diploma, (41.7%) were having experience of 6 years and above, (60%) of staff nurses were married, about (63.3%) were residing in urban area, (50%) were having knowledge about epidural analgesia due to mass media and (65%) of staff nurses were working in private hospitals. Overall mean value of posttest was high then the pretest. The value of t was significant at p< 0.05 level of significance. Study finding revealed that out of all selected socio demographic variables only education, experience, place of residence, type of hospital in which working, were associating with the posttest knowledge score of staff nurses related to epidural analgesia.
Conclusion: video assisted teaching was effective in improving knowledge regarding epidural analgesia.