Vol. 1, Issue 6, Part B (2015)
Sharecropping System and its Supply Chain Management: A Case Study from Coastal Belt of Odisha
Narendra N. Dalei, Pradeepta K. Dutta
Agro Supply Chain System plays a vital role in sustaining farmers and strengthening nation’s economy. In Coastal belt of Odisha about 70 % people depend on agriculture as their sources of livelihood. Sharecropping is a regular practice in the area. Due to appearance of more alternative profitable occupation, agriculture is being regarded as an unwanted sector. In the input supply system, credit from bank, fertilizer and pesticide from the factory, knowledge transfer from the media and landlord etc. to the sharecroppers play an important role in their well being. Credits from bank under different schemes to the farmers are provided with the objective to increase land productivity. From the banking system the credit flows in the name of owner who is not a cultivator. As a result, the landlord instead of giving the credit to share cropper utilize it for his non-agricultural purposes. Thus, in the credit supply chain from bank to share croppers via landlord, there is many a times leakages or mismatches the usage of the credit. As a result, crop productivity declines. Also due to lack of knowledge the application of improper doses of fertilizers and pesticide not only affects crop productivity but also create health and environmental problem. As the sharecroppers are poor and uneducated, they do not have direct access to print or visual Medias for information pertaining to agricultural schemes, technology and markets and the landlords share it rarely with the sharecroppers. Thus, in the supply chain of knowledge transfer from media to sharecroppers got affected. In case of output supply system, share croppers are not eligible to sell the produce in the government specified Mandis; only the landlords are eligible. Thus, the share cropper’s produce goes only to the middle man in low price. In this study, our basic objectives are to study the dynamics of supply chain management in share cropping system and to study the factors that affect it. In this context, we have selected Coastal belt of Odisha state in India as our study area where around 60-70 % of agricultural land is being cultivated by sharecroppers. The methodology we followed is consisting of analysis of quantitative and qualitative primary survey data with a sample size 64 household (32 sharecropping households and 32 Owner-Farmer household) and secondary data. The expected result will show that there are leakages in input supply chain and constraint in the output supply chain due to which well being of sharecroppers is declining. The overall conclusion will exhibit the decline of crop productivity, which is due to practice of share cropping activities, leakages in input supply chain and constraints in output supply chain. This study will recommend some policy changes of giving conditional ownership rights to share croppers and to build formal owner–share cropper bond in order to increase crop productivity for food security and to control food inflation.
How to cite this article:
Narendra N. Dalei, Pradeepta K. Dutta. Sharecropping System and its Supply Chain Management: A Case Study from Coastal Belt of Odisha. International Journal of Applied Research. 2015; 1(6): 50-56.