Vol. 2, Issue 4, Part I (2016)
Farmers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices with respect to rodent management in the agricultural ecosystem of Tamenglong district, Manipur, North-East India
G Ngaomei, Elangbam J Singh
A survey of 110 farmers in the four sub-divisions of Tamenglong District, Manipur, India was carried out in between January and December 2015, to assess the farmers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices with respect to rodent management. The survey was conducted in 11 villages across the subdivision of Nungba, Tousem, Tamei and Tamenglong headquarters of Tamenglong District. Ten farmers from each village were interviewed. Majority of the indigenous tribal farmers followed the traditional practice of shifting cultivation from time immemorial. The farmers practice multiple cropping of monsoon i.e. rice, maize, chili, turmeric, brinjal and yam etc. The major constraints upon production were identified as pest (65%), weeds (25%), and soil condition (10%). The main pests were rat (60%), insects (22.7%), birds (10.10%) and wild animals (7.2%). Farmers believed that the rodent outbreak (78.10%) is due to the flowering of certain bamboo species followed by no opinion (14.30%) and heavy rainfall (7.6%). The field damage caused by rodent was recorded to be (8.8%) in periphery, centre (7.8%), random (30.10%) and (52.6%) in the area where the crop grows densely. Farmers used trap (58.6%), rodenticides (29.7%), hunting (5.9%) and biocontrol (5.8%) as control measures. The rodent problem occurred in regular (55.2%), occasional (33.6%), rare (11.2%). Farmers believed that rodenticides (71.81%) were harmful to the environment, no harmful (8.16%) and no opinion (20.3%). Farmers estimated that (19.85±5.74) normal yield loss per year. With the understanding of the main crop damage by the rodent pest, management strategies of rodent in the Tamenglong district can be developed.
How to cite this article:
G Ngaomei, Elangbam J Singh. Farmers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices with respect to rodent management in the agricultural ecosystem of Tamenglong district, Manipur, North-East India. International Journal of Applied Research. 2016; 2(4): 536-540.