International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 3, Issue 11, Part A (2017)
A study to assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme on knowledge regarding needle stick injury among health workers in selected health centers of Tirupati
R Usharani, M Sreelatha and Dr. P Sudharani
A Needle stick injury, percutaneous injury, or percutaneous exposure incident is the penetration of skin by needle. A pre-experimental one group pre-test and post –test design was adopted.50 health workers were selected by using convenient sampling technique on the basis of inclusive criteria to assess the knowledge regarding needle stick injury among health workers by using interview schedule. The study findings revealed that among 50 health workers 15(30%) had inadequate knowledge, 25(50%) had moderate knowledge and 10(20%) had adequate knowledge in pre-test. After the administration of structured teaching programme the findings of the post-test revealed that 10(20%) had inadequate knowledge 23(46%) had moderate knowledge and 17(34%) had adequate knowledge on health workers regarding needle stick injury. In pre test mean value was 1.90, post test mean value was 2.14 and the standard deviation value was 0.707 in pre test, 0.726 in post test and the t –value was 48.153 and the p value was <0.01 and hence the assumed H1 was accepted. It evidenced that the STP is significantly effective on improving knowledge regarding needle stick injury among health workers. The researcher revealed that there was a significant association between the pretest knowledge and demographic variables such as age in years was significant at p<0.05 level and educational sessions attended regarding needle stick injury, were significant at p<0.01 level. The assumed H2 was accepted. The association of post test knowledge score of subjects with demographic variables such as age in years, religion, experience, exposure to number of injections per days, did you had needle stick injury were significant at p<0.05 level, hence the research hypothesis H2 was accepted. The present study concluded that health workers have moderate knowledge regarding needle stick injury before STP and after STP knowledge about needle stick injury among health workers was improved.