International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 3, Issue 11, Part G (2017)
Assessment of the prevalence of Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) to permanent incisors in school going children
Background: The prevalence of traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) to anterior teeth among schoolchildren has been studied in different parts of the world by many researchers, and a wide range of variation has been found. In Asia and Africa, the prevalence of TDI to anterior teeth among adolescents ranges from 4% to 35% and 15% to 21%, respectively. In America and Europe, the prevalence varied from 15% to 23% and 23% to 35%, respectively. Aim of study: To assess the prevalence of Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) to permanent incisors in school going children. Materials and method: The present study was conducted in the department of community dentistry of the dental institution. The study included 400 school going children ranging from 9-12 years old. The examination of the subjects was done by a single examiner to avoid any clinical bias. The examination was conducted in separate rooms under natural light using a moth mirror and explorer at a community centre. Only maxillary and mandibular permanent incisors were examined by the examiners. For the assessment of type of traumatic injury, Elli's and Davey's classification was used. Results: A total of 400 patients were included in the study. 212 subjects were boys and 188 subjects were girls. The age of subjects ranged from 9 to 12 years. Out of 400 students examined, tooth fracture was diagnosed in 37 subjects (9.25%). Class I fracture was seen in 19 subjects, Class II fracture was seen in 11 subjects, Class III fracture was seen in 3 subjects, Class IV and Class V fractures were seen in 2 subjects each. Conclusion: From the results, it should be concluded that preventive measures for traumatic tooth injuries should be provided to teachers and parents to prevent the prevalence of fractured incisors.
How to cite this article:
Paramjeet Singh. Assessment of the prevalence of Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) to permanent incisors in school going children. International Journal of Applied Research. 2017; 3(11): 452-454.