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International Journal of Applied Research
  • Multidisciplinary Journal
  • Printed Journal
  • Indexed Journal
  • Refereed Journal
  • Peer Reviewed Journal

ISSN Print: 2394-7500, ISSN Online: 2394-5869, CODEN: IJARPF

Impact Factor: RJIF 5.2

International Journal of Applied Research

Vol. 3, Issue 11, Part G (2017)

Assessment of the prevalence of Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) to permanent incisors in school going children

Author(s)
Paramjeet Singh
Abstract
Background: The prevalence of traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) to anterior teeth among schoolchildren has been studied in different parts of the world by many researchers, and a wide range of variation has been found. In Asia and Africa, the prevalence of TDI to anterior teeth among adolescents ranges from 4% to 35% and 15% to 21%, respectively. In America and Europe, the prevalence varied from 15% to 23% and 23% to 35%, respectively. Aim of study: To assess the prevalence of Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) to permanent incisors in school going children. Materials and method: The present study was conducted in the department of community dentistry of the dental institution. The study included 400 school going children ranging from 9-12 years old. The examination of the subjects was done by a single examiner to avoid any clinical bias. The examination was conducted in separate rooms under natural light using a moth mirror and explorer at a community centre. Only maxillary and mandibular permanent incisors were examined by the examiners. For the assessment of type of traumatic injury, Elli's and Davey's classification was used. Results: A total of 400 patients were included in the study. 212 subjects were boys and 188 subjects were girls. The age of subjects ranged from 9 to 12 years. Out of 400 students examined, tooth fracture was diagnosed in 37 subjects (9.25%). Class I fracture was seen in 19 subjects, Class II fracture was seen in 11 subjects, Class III fracture was seen in 3 subjects, Class IV and Class V fractures were seen in 2 subjects each. Conclusion: From the results, it should be concluded that preventive measures for traumatic tooth injuries should be provided to teachers and parents to prevent the prevalence of fractured incisors.
Pages: 452-454  |  195 Views  11 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Paramjeet Singh. Assessment of the prevalence of Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) to permanent incisors in school going children. International Journal of Applied Research. 2017; 3(11): 452-454.
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