Vol. 3, Issue 4, Part H (2017)
Educational status among the particularly vulnerable tribal groups of Odisha
Rajeswar Maharana and Dr. Jayanta Kumar Nayak
Education is learning, knowing and exploring. It pushes one out from darkness to light. Therefore, it is most essential and important for the development of any nation and society. It is also said that, education is a key of balanced in economy development. Hence, it is the most valuable tool for human beings to understand the society and the people in his positive point of view and live or manage himself accordingly. In the post independent scenario, several schemes were implemented for the upliftment of STs’ education status. However, the tribals are occupying a unique position in Indian culture and civilization, the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) of India are living in the remote area. Still they are living with primitive agricultural practice, lowest literacy rates, widespread poverty with miserable picture of income and expenditure. Their educational status has been seen very poor and worst because of the isolation, inaccessible communication facility, poor health condition, hostile environment, poor economic condition, and superstitious beliefs, etc. The importance of education touches only the periphery of the tribal life. The objective of the present paper is to analyze the status of education among the Hill Kharia of Jashipur block in Mayurbhanj district and explores the possible reasons for low level of literacy and educational backwardness and possible educational suggestions for educational development of the studied area. The present paper uses both primary and secondary data. The secondary date collected from the Census of India, Economic Survey of Odisha, Annual Reports of Ministry of Tribal welfare, Selected Educational Statistic, Department of Education in India; while, primary data was collected through semi structured Interview scheduled and group discussion from Two Selected Hill Kharia villages of Jashipur Block area of Mayurbhanj district, Odisha. However, there are two Educational Complex has established by the Hill Kharia and Mankirdia Development Agency (HKMDA) to provide free education from primary to higher secondary, till the educational status of the Hill Kharia are very poor. Because, their habitation is far away from the educational institution, they are very lethargic to their education mind setup and their economic condition is also very poor. For children, their parents are not paying attention towards their education properly. Most of the children went to Forest for forest product collection and rearing goat to preserve their livelihood.
How to cite this article:
Rajeswar Maharana and Dr. Jayanta Kumar Nayak. Educational status among the particularly vulnerable tribal groups of Odisha. International Journal of Applied Research. 2017; 3(4): 499-504.