International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 3, Issue 6, Part G (2017)
Female work participation and health status in power loom sector: A case study of Mau city
Dr. Fatma Mehar Sultana and Mehrun Nisa
The cotton textile industry plays a very important role in the economy of India. Cotton textile industry is divided into two sectors; Handloom and Power loom. Power loom is the modernized form of handloom. After the development of power loom there is reduction of the production cost, as well as labour wages. When the labour wages are reduced the male member of the family has not sufficient income wage. That’s why female enter in the labour force to increase the wage and to raise the living condition of their family. The female work participation is not considered as a labour in outside market due to cultural factors. They entered labour market after the introduction of new technologies of power loom. For the analysis select the study area Mau city, it is a part of Mau Nath Bhanjan district. It is a important site of power loom weaving. The objective of this paper is to assess the female work participation and total working hours, and impact on their health in power loom sector of Mau city. The study is mainly based on socio-economic status of power loom female weaver. The data of the paper is derived from primary data collected through questionnaire. After the data analysis results shows that weaving is the major occupation of Mau city as there is a hub of power loom in which most of the female are involved. The major reason which forced female to engage in power loom sector is economic and financial necessity, unemployment, poverty. The low literacy among females and large family size is the major drawback of female involvement in weaving. Result shows that maximum females suffering from headache and respiratory problems. Last few years a power loom sector suffers with so many problems like electricity supply, market decline, and other political reason. All these causes is responsible for poor condition of weavers. Thus government should address the issues relating to female work participation and to start new schemes for female weavers in power loom sector.
How to cite this article:
Dr. Fatma Mehar Sultana and Mehrun Nisa. Female work participation and health status in power loom sector: A case study of Mau city. International Journal of Applied Research. 2017; 3(6): 451-456.