International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 4, Issue 11, Part D (2018)
The great Mughal emperors: A brief account of history and achievements
Dr. Rahul Maurya
Many dynasties ruled in India in medieval period, but Mughals were magnificent in all of them and his Empire is considered one of the classic periods of India's long and legendry history. This powerful dynasty holds up the same value in medieval history like Safavids and Ottoman dynasty. Babur, the ruler of Fargana was founder of Mughal Empire in India. His life was full of struggling and disturbance. Even he captured Samarqand for two times but could not stay there for more than hundred days and he lost his native land too. But he never bowed in front of the circumstances nor did he give up. He stood up again to change his destiny with his limited source and this time his eye was on Hindustan. The victory over Kabul set the plot to conquer the Hindustan. He attacked on Hindustan and finally captured on 21 April, 1526 A.D. after defeating Ibrahim, the Lodi king at the first battle of Panipat. This remarkable victory opened the door of immense possibilities for him and his successors. But after his death, his son Emperor Humayun had lost his Empire after defeating by Sher Shah, the great Emperor of Sur dynasty in 1540 A.D. But after the death of Sher Shah the fortune turned again into Humayun and he captured the empire in 1555 A.D. He could not make rule for much time and died soon in 1556 then the greatest of all medieval rulers, Akbar seated on seat of Mughal Empire. The classical era of Hindustan during Mughals was begun here and a vast and centralized administration was established by Emperor Akbar. After that, the country was developed in different fields like trade and external affairs, architecture, painting, drawing, rules and regulation etc. This article deals with life and achievements of great Mughal Emperors from Babur to Aurangzeb and also provides legendry background of this remarkable bloodline. It discusses campaigns, victories and leadership of great Mughal Emperors in brief but not least.
How to cite this article:
Dr. Rahul Maurya. The great Mughal emperors: A brief account of history and achievements. International Journal of Applied Research. 2018; 4(11): 212-217.