International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 4, Issue 9, Part D (2018)
The prevalence of diarrhea and associated factors among children under five years in Ethiopia
Kassaye Wudu Seid and Belayneh Debasu Kelkay
Diarrhea is one of the most challenging disease in developing countries especially in sub Saharan Africa countries including Ethiopia. This disease mostly affects children under five years of age. The present study assessed the prevalence of diarrhea and associated factors of under-five children Ethiopia. Diarrhea is second only to pneumonia as the cause of child mortality worldwide. Studies showed that different factors were associated with the occurrence of childhood diarrhea. The data was analyzed using SPSS software version 16. Hosmer and Lemeshow Test was employed to check the overall significance of the binary logistic regression model to event Diarrhea data. Based on binary logistic regression analysis the result reveals that the factors region where a child is living, family size, sex of a child and age of a child are the most significant factors that affect prevalence of diarrhea at 5% level of significant(p-value <0.05). From the result of binary logistic regression analysis, it can be conclude that a child whose age is 13-24 months has high probability to be infected by diarrhea as compared to the other age groups of under-five child.
How to cite this article:
Kassaye Wudu Seid and Belayneh Debasu Kelkay. The prevalence of diarrhea and associated factors among children under five years in Ethiopia. International Journal of Applied Research. 2018; 4(9): 236-241.