International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 4, Issue 9, Part D (2018)
Jihad from the perspective of ulama dayah (sociological study on the concept of jihad in aceh)
Rizki Yunanda, Badaruddin, Henry Sitorus, Rizabuana Ismail, Fikarwin Zuska and Lusiana
Jihad is basically Qital (fighting) which is upholding the religion of Allah SWT to achieve victory in the world and the hereafter, jihad is a command from Allah that is naskh (abrogated) in the Qur'an, in the context of Islam fighting does not mean jihad;instead jihad is fighting. This paper describes the concept of jihad from the perspective of Dayah scholars (Ulama Dayah) which are then examined from sociological point of view. The qualitative method is used to find the data by conducting in-depth interviews with 13 informants, consist of Dayah ulemas who have important roles and positions in Aceh, such as the Chairperson of the MPU, members of MPU and Leaders of Dayah institutions in Aceh and the dayah students. In conjunction with current global development,ulemas in Aceh conclude that jihad is not only interpreted as war, there has been no reason for Muslims to initiate a war. Therefore, anyone can conduct jihad, but that does not mean going intobattle. From the ulama dayah perspective, the term radicalism and terrorism is a label or derivative from anti-Islam groups. Islamic isa religion which encourages people to learn peace and harmony; suicide is not a concept of Islam, suicide is a deviated (sacrilegious) act in the name of Islam. The formulation of jihad that was built by the dayah ulemasis jihad against evil in accordance with the provisions of Islamic law. There are no dayah ulemas who teach radical jihad because the current dayah system is a derivative from the elements of the previous charismatic ulema of Aceh. Nowadays, the essence of jihad constructed by ulama dayah is jihad against lust, jihad against Satan and jihad against ignorance by encouraging the younger generation to always remind themselvestogather knowledge.
How to cite this article:
Rizki Yunanda, Badaruddin, Henry Sitorus, Rizabuana Ismail, Fikarwin Zuska and Lusiana. Jihad from the perspective of ulama dayah (sociological study on the concept of jihad in aceh). International Journal of Applied Research. 2018; 4(9): 252-257.