International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 1, Issue 12, Part N (2015)
A comparative study to evaluate the effectiveness of lateral position versus supine position on respiratory parameters among infants with respiratory problems
Neonatal respiratory dysfunction is common because the process of lung development is protracted and differentiation of anatomic structures for gas exchanging and surface and surfactant production begins there after survival increases markedly. The risk of an Indian child dying of respiratory problems is 30-75 times more than that of its counterpart in the developed world. In India they account for 14.3% of deaths during infancy. Positions are important to reduce the breathing difficulties by improving lung ventilation because of gravity action in different positions.
Methods: A True– Experimental pretest posttest design was adopted for the study. The study was conducted in selected Hospital, Nellore District.60 infants with respiratory problems were selected by simple random technique. Observational check list was used to assess the respiratory parameters.
Results: The study shows that in supine position among 30 infants in pretest, 17 (57%) children had mild, 11 (37%) had moderate and 2 (6%) had severe respiratory difficulty whereas in posttest 24 (80%) had mild, 5 (17%) had moderate and 1 (3%) had severe respiratory difficulty. In lateral position group among 30 samples in pretest, 23 (77%) infants had mild, 7 (23%) had moderate respiratory difficulty whereas in posttest, 20 (67%) infants had mild, 8(27%) had moderate and 2(6%) had severe respiratory difficulty.
Conclusion: The study reveals that there is no significant difference with supine or lateral position on respiratory parameters in both group-I and group-II among infants with respiratory problems.
How to cite this article:
Rama Harika, Radhika M, Indira S. A comparative study to evaluate the effectiveness of lateral position versus supine position on respiratory parameters among infants with respiratory problems. Int J Appl Res 2015;1(12):935-940.