International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 1, Issue 12, Part P (2015)
A study to assess the risk factors of oral cancer among adult patients
Background: Oral cancer is one of the most common and an important public health problem in India. It has high mortality rate of 9 % throughout the world and it is 4th common cause of death in India In India because of cultural, ethnic, geographic factors and varying life style factors like consumption of tobacco, alcohol, standard of living etc there is high prevalence of premalignant lesions i.e 26.6 % in male and 10.0 % in females. The risk of malignant transformation is about 4 – 6 %. So detecting oral cancer in its premalignant stage becomes very important. Material and Methods: for the present study a Case Control design with Descriptive approach was used. 78 cases adult patients with oral cancer attending opd at Krishna Hospital, and 78 controls without cancer were selected by Purposive sampling technique. After getting ethical clearance, permission from concern authority, and consent from the sample data was collected. The data obtained were analyzed in terms of objectives of the study using descriptive and inferential statistics. Result Result reveals that 53.85% are using Misheri once, twice and thrice daily. 42.31% are using cigarette. 14.10% are using bidi. 71.79% has betal chewing habit. 42.31% are using pan masala. 2.56% are having habit of using areca. 1.28% is having habit of using khaini. 34.62% are addicted to ghutka. 21.79% are sleeping with tobacco quid in the mouth. 58.97% are having the habit of using alcohol. Conclusion: Overall, the findings of this study reflect a significant need of increasing awareness among the population about the risk factors of cancer similar studies with larger sample size and dedicated programs and regular screening camps can be a huge step in improving their lives
How to cite this article:
Mahadeo Shinde, Sheetal Kadam. A study to assess the risk factors of oral cancer among adult patients. Int J Appl Res 2015;1(12):1101-1104.