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International Journal of Applied Research
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ISSN Print: 2394-7500, ISSN Online: 2394-5869, CODEN: IJARPF

International Journal of Applied Research

Vol. 1, Issue 13, Part G (2015)

Effectiveness of music therapy on quality of life among elderly

Author(s)
Srinivasan P
Abstract
Objectives: to assess the level of quality of life among elderly, to evaluate the effectiveness of music therapy on quality of life and to determine the association between the level of quality of life and demographic variables among elderly. The hypotheses of the study were there will be significant difference in the mean score of quality of life before and after music therapy among elderly (H1) and there will be significant association between the level of quality of life and selected demographic variables among elderly. (H2). Methods: An experimental approach, Pre-experimental one group pre-test post test study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of music therapy on quality of life with 40 elderly inmates in Old age home (Inba Illam), Pasumalai at Madurai. Total enumerative sampling was used and the data was collected by WHO QOL old BREF scale with interview technique before and after music therapy. Study subjects were given with Music therapy (classical instrumental relaxing music composed by Dr. T. Mythily, Music therapist) in open mode technique to all samples daily for 30 minutes for the period of 24 days. Results: Before music therapy 29(72%) and 11(28%) respectively belonged to the category of poor and fair quality of life with the mean score of 67.10 and 77.0 and no one had good quality of life. After intervention, 19(47%) and 21(53%) respectively belonged to the category of fair and good quality of life with the mean score of 92.15 and 97.42 and none of them had poor quality of life. The overall pre-test mean score is 69.83 and for the post test is 94.93. There was a significant difference in the mean score of quality of life before and after music therapy i.e the calculated‘t’ value was 31.078 and it was statistically significant at 0.05 level. Further there was a significant association between the level quality of life and education at 0.05 level. Conclusion: Thus, study finding concludes that music therapy was significantly effective to improve quality of life among elderly. Further it concludes that Music therapy is cost effective, noninvasive, non pharmacological complementary and alternative therapy to improve the quality of life among elderly.
Pages: 432-434  |  662 Views  27 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Srinivasan P. Effectiveness of music therapy on quality of life among elderly. Int J Appl Res 2015;1(13):432-434.
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