The North- East India is a hub of different tribes having own distinct language, culture, tradition, custom, food habits, art, dresses etc. All are conscious to maintain their own distinct identity. Similarly, Assam also a multi-cultural, multi-lingual and multi-ethnic state with colourful festivals. Among different ethnic groups many are tribal ethnic groups. Since ancient period they have been observing and maintaining their unique traditional cultures which are now become a significant character of Assam state. The tribes like Boro- Kachari, Mishing, Deori, Rabha, Sonowal, Dimasa, Karbi, Naga, Tai Phake, Tai Khamyang, Singpho, Hajong, Tiwa, Thengal Kachari, etc. all have colourful and wonderful festivals. All these tribes are mainly agriculturalists. So, besides the religious & cultural festivals they observe different agro based festivals also. All their festivals make them lively and spirited. For example, Bohag Bihu or Baisagu, Bathou or Baitho puja, Lakhimi Hobah of the Sonowal & Boro Communities, Ali-Ai-Lrigang & Kaban of the Mising Community, Bor Boli, Ibaku Bisu, Maghiyo Bisu & Joydam festival of the Deori Community, Ronker festival, Chojun Puja, Chok Keroi Hacha- Kekan of the Karbi Community, Poi Saang Ken, Buddha Purnima festival, Poi Ok- Wa, Naun- Wa, Poi Lu- Fa & Poi Lu- Kyong of the Tai Phakey Community, Luira, Sekrenyi, Kanghi, Gaan- Ngai & Yemshi of the Naga Community, Yawn Manau Poi, Ninggawn Chyanun etc. of the Singpho Community and so on.rnAmong different tribal ethnic groups, the Hajongs are also an important tribe who have rich culture. Traditionally, they have various cultural, religious and agro based festivals. All these festivals introduced them as artists, cultured and spirited tribe in the greater Assamese society. For example, Baastu puja, Dhaan Mao puja, Hiljaga, Baans puja, Garam puja, Chang Deo, Jatra puja, Paboni puja, Hudum Deo puja, Bhekuli Biya, Kaani Deo puja, Moyla Deo, Hoyla Deo, Jharang Deo puja, Masang Deo, Bisua, Falani Deowa, Puila Ruwa, Haal Duka, Aag Neoa, Naya Khaoa, Deuli, Thuba, Charkhela or Charmaga, Bhaluk Maga and so on. Of course, in this article an attempt has been made to discuss the Charkhela Festival of the Hajongs.
1. To study the characteristics of the Charkhela festival.
2. To study the cultural status of the Hajongs.
3. To discuss socio- economic status of the Hajong.
This study is based on Historical cum Analytical method which includes secondary and primary sources of data like books, journals and fieldwork