Ethiopia is the second most populous country in sub-Saharan Africa. Ethiopian women, teen- agers and youth are disadvantageous in terms of extremely poor lifestyle with the state of affairs that reflected through their extremely poor economic, social and health indicators. Many Ethiopian young people face challenges in attaining the goals of their education and livelihood. Though, it is known fact that education is one of the best sources for improvement and development of life style, mental potency and economic growth, not only for their own-self but also for the society, region and nation. The awful part even for moderate boast-up in education and good living, finance is an essential requirement as indispensable devil, directly or indirectly. On the above stated context, we tried to compare the time distribution among the students who are struggling with their livelihood and the other’s who are tension-free from their bread earning. A survey was conducted in five dissimilar schools situated in the different corners of Mekelle City - comprising of three public, one NGO and one privately organized. From these institutions 209 boys and 150 girls ageing between 15-18 years, have participated voluntarily. This survey was analyzed on five components of time schedule distributions, viz. time for study, time for play, time for home-help, time for livelihood and time without any work. Results of this survey stated that boys spend 39% time for their study, where as girls use up 41%. Whereas, the boys who earn their own-bread spend 29% of time for education and similarly girls can manage 23% of time only for making their future. More-over, these girls and boys are spending 23% and 24% of total available time to earn their own bread, respectively. From this study, it could be concluded that livelihood earning is one of the prevalent hindrance in the way of education, among the schools going children. Also, this might be visualize as one of the leading causes for school drop-out and enable to de-accelerate the rate of higher education among the Mekelle city students.
In order to avoid such problems of the economically challenged kids, foster care unit could be one of the suitable options for the improvement of younger generations. Moreover, the nation-builders of the present day like the educationists, the political and social leaders should initiate together some effective measures to declare juvenile work as a national crime and its implementation as national law.