International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 2, Issue 12, Part C (2016)
Student’s performance as cause-effect phenomena: A multilevel approach
Allah Yar, Iftikar Ud Din and Yousaf Hayat
This study was commenced upon to examine the influences of different factors related to student’s level and school level on student’s academic performance among secondary school certificate (SSC) students in Charsadda district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan. The data were collected through a well-designed questionnaire from the 10th grade students (984 girls & 1148 boys) of 48 different schools through multistage sampling method. A survey was conducted for gathering information about different factors related to student’s academic performance. Three hypotheses were framed according to three research queries raised. The research queries were tested by using multilevel regression model. The findings shows that, the academic performance of male and female students are significantly (t = -6.16 and p = 0.000) different from each other and student’s performance of public schools is significantly (t = -15.60 and p = 0.000) better than private schools. Further, it is observed that at student level age, gender, mother education, family type and family income have significant effect on student’s academic performance and at school level the effect of class size, school type and school standard are found highly significant. Therefore, it is recommended that government should make arrangements to minimize the number of students per teacher and the concerned authorities has to work amicably to solve the issues of gender gap, economic and family problems.
How to cite this article:
Allah Yar, Iftikar Ud Din, Yousaf Hayat. Student’s performance as cause-effect phenomena: A multilevel approach. Int J Appl Res 2016;2(12):181-186.