International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 2, Issue 5, Part M (2016)
A cross-sectional study to assess prevalence of malnutrition in school children 6-12 years of age of Bikaner, Rajasthan
Malnutrition is one of the most important global health problems, affecting large numbers of children in developing countries. Undernutrition alone is responsible for more than one-third of child deaths globally and accounts for 11 percent of the global burden of disease. The prevalence of underweight children is 47% in India is among the highest in the world. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of malnutrition among school going children.
Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 300 school children in the age group 6 to 12 years from public and private schools in Bikaner district of Rajasthan from May’2015- October’2015 with the objective to assess prevalence of malnutrition. The sampling method used was Stratified Random Sampling. The study tool used was a pre-tested questionnaire. Data analysis was performed with help of SPSS17.0.
Results: The prevalence of underweight, overweight and obesity (based on BMI for age) was found to be 30.0% and 18.33 and 1.33% respectively. Hence overall prevalence of malnutrition was found to be 49.66%.
Conclusion: Around half of study population is affected from malnutrition, which requires urgent and prompt interventions simultaneously at various levels- family, community and national level.
How to cite this article:
Suman Inkhiya, Dr. Mohan Singh Bika, Dr. Kirti Shekhawat, Dr. Rakesh Mani. A cross-sectional study to assess prevalence of malnutrition in school children 6-12 years of age of Bikaner, Rajasthan. Int J Appl Res 2016;2(5):867-870.