India with the world’s second largest population and economic growth contributes to high global burden of disease. Deaths and disability due to CVDs is expected to double by 2015 and worsen by 2020.
Objectives: The current study aimed to assess the risk of cardiovascular diseases among adult population; to determine association between risks of cardiovascular diseases with selected variables.
Methods: A quantitative research approach using pre-experimental (one group pre test post test design) was adopted for the study. Survey of 350 adult population of Simbla village (201 females and 149 males) was done using purposive sampling technique. CVD risk assessment questionnaire and WHO CVD risk assessment tool were used to collect the data.
Results: Majority 156(44.57%) of adult population were below 30 years of age and 201(57.43%) were females. Overall mean score of CVD risk was (75.39±72.06). In terms of stress, mean score was (25.65±30.30) which was higher as compared to other areas of CVD risk. Out of 350 adult population, 30 (8.57%) of adults had pain or discomfort or pressure or heaviness in chest and 17(4.86%) had difficulty in talking, weakness of arm or leg on one side of the body or numbness on one side of the body.
Conclusions: In overall CVD risk score majority of the adult population under 30 years of age were found at low risk of developing CVDs. Cardiovascular risk has significant association with age, gender, educational status, heard of CVD, history of heart attack, family history, alcohol, BMI, SBP, blood sugar at the level of (p≤0.05).