Skin diseases, in preschool children (children upto five years of age), are common all over the world. Their pattern and prevalence, however, varies within countries, and various regions of the same country, due to varying ecological factors. The pattern of dermatoses in preschool children, has been reported by various workers, from different regions of India. Information on the same, however, is sketchy from Uttarakhand state of India.
Aim: To study the pattern of dermatoses, in preschool pediatric patients, at a tertiary care hospital, located in the foothills of Garhwal region of Uttarakhand.
Material and Methods: This was a retrospective study, in which data of all new preschool children, presenting to outpatient department of dermatology, between 01 Oct 2012 to 30 Sept 2015, was analyzed. A total of 1712 patients, formed the study subjects. Diagnosis was made on clinical grounds, supported by relevant investigations, where ever required.
Results: Infective and parasitic dermatoses (50.29%) were the commonest dermatoses, in our study. This was followed by eczema-dermatitis (18.46%), pigmentary dermatoses (6.95%), disorders of skin appendages (6.14%), papulosquamous disorders (5.02%), keratinizing disorders (1.87%), naevi and developmental disorders (1.40%), nutritional disorders (0.93%) and bullous disorders (0.18%)
Conclusion: Infective and parasitic skin diseases, are responsible for nearly half the dermatoses, in preschool pediatric patients, in the foothills of Garhwal region of Uttarakhand. This group of diseases are largely preventable and can be effectively controlled by health education, improvement in personal hygiene and sanitation, and provision of efficient health care facilities, for early diagnosis and treatment of these disorders.