International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 2, Issue 9, Part K (2016)
A prospective study on outcomes of diabetic foot ulcer patients with and without amputation
The rising prevalence of diabetic foot ulcer, the biggest risk of diabetes mellitus imposes great burden on world health system. Pressure on existing human and material health resources contributes to this burden. A foot ulcer occurs in majority of the patients with diabetes. Due to this higher prevalence of diabetic foot ulcers, amputation remains a hardship to patients with diabetes. Our study highlights the early recognition and proper management of diabetic foot ulcer and thus minimizing the rate of amputation and hence the hardships, mortality and morbidity of the patients.
Methods: A retrospective study on pre-operative and post operative outcomes of patients with diabetic foot ulcer. A total of 54 patients were selected and using data collection proforma, details such as socio- demography, co-morbidities, social and medication history was collected from the case folders. Data were analysed using SPSS and results were presented in tables.
Result: Male patients were more prevalent among the 54 selected subjects during the study period. The most affected group was in the age range of 51- 60 years while the least affected group was those below 40 years of age. Most of the patients were relieved or cured without any amputation. 37% of diabetic foot ulcer patients’ undergone amputation and Rays amputation was the common procedure presented in our study.
Conclusion: In diabetic foot ulcers, early recognition, comprehensive treatment and proper hygiene ensure rapid healing and prevent reulceration. This can safeguard patients from amputation.
How to cite this article:
Sneha George, Sagy Thomas, Nissy Cherian, Nikhil Peter, N Junior Sundresh. A prospective study on outcomes of diabetic foot ulcer patients with and without amputation. Int J Appl Res 2016;2(9):767-770.