In the field of nursing, the changing needs of the elderly are an especially important issue on which to keep current. In the nursing community, rapid developments seem to unfold daily, thereby necessitating an extra effort to keep up with the changing needs of the field itself. In particular, the progressive work on nutrition and preventative health measures offer much in the way of healthier living and increased longevity both for those who may feel their elder years are too distant to be concerned with and for those whose elder years are rapidly approaching. By understanding the aging process better, medicine has been more adequately prepared to approach the elderly with age-appropriate provisions.
The nursing care of the elderly focus on assisting them to understand the normal aging process, to maintain physical health through diet, rest, sleep and exercise and to cope with physiological changes through adaptation. The best approach to implement this is psychoeducation.
Aims: The aim of the study is to evaluate effect of psychoeducation on quality of life among elderly residing in old age home.
Settings and Design: A quasi-experimental pre and posttest with control group design was adopted for the study and it was conducted in two different old age homes at Chennai. The study includes 40 elderly with 20 elderly individuals in study and control groups.
Materials and methods: WHO Quality of Life – BREF scale was used to assess the quality of life. Psychoeducation was given for one hour using lecture cum demonstration on general health information, preservation of mental health, leisure time activities and prevention of accident and application of hot fomentation and stretching exercise. Quality of life of elderly were assessed before and after psychoeducation and the changes in QoL of elderly in old age home were compared using appropriate statistical tools.
Statistical Analysis: Both descriptive and inferential statistical methods like paired ‘t’ test and indepentent ‘t’ test were used.
Result: After the psychoeducation 11(55%) had very good quality of life, 7(35%) had good quality of life and 2(10%) had fair quality.
Conclusion: In conclusion, the study revealed that psychoeducation has a significant effect on the quality of life of the elderly residing in elderly home.