International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 4, Issue 1, Part E (2018)
Assessment of nutritional status of Indian university level female team game players
This study was carried out to assess the nutritional status of Indian University level female team game players and to evaluate relationship of their body composition components; selected physiological and physical fitness parameters with their present state of nutrient intake. A total of 40 female players of four team games viz. volleyball, handball, hockey and basketball (10 players from each game) in the age range of 18 to 22 years were selected from different colleges of Delhi University. In addition to nutritional status, anthropometric data was taken and BMI and WHR were computed. Body composition components were measured using Body Composition Analyzer (BODY STAT), cardiovascular endurance was measured by Harward step test and to measure agility, shuttle run test was administered, Hemoglobin and Serum Ferritin levels were assessed in a Pathological laboratory. Nutrient intake analysis was done by 3-day's dietary record method (two working days and one holiday). Standard descriptive statistics (mean ± standard deviation) were determined, ANOVA and Pearson’s correlation coefficients (r) were applied and level of probability was taken at p< 0.05. The analysis of nutrient intake data revealed that the mean energy intake of all groups (1960.20±492.90 kcal) was much lower than recommended for these players during training. Low mean intakes of protein, iron, and fiber were seen in the diets of the subjects and calcium, vitamin C and folic acid intakes were sufficient. Intergroup comparisons revealed no significant differences in nutrient intake, anthropometric and body composition parameters among four groups of female players. Haemoglobin levels had normal mean values (12.31±0.2 g/dl), however, 22.5% players were anemic and their mean values of serum ferritin (20.18±2.32 ng/ml) were closer to the minimum value of the normal range. Physical efficiency index of majority of players was below average and a significant and positive correlation (p< 0.01) was found in shuttle run and serum ferritin levels.
How to cite this article:
Monika Wasuja, Sarita Tyagi, Anil K Vanaik. Assessment of nutritional status of Indian university level female team game players. Int J Appl Res 2018;4(1):329-334.