Background: Adolescence is a concept encompassing physical and emotional stage of transition from childhood to adulthood. With dramatic physical changes and development, adolescents worldwide find themselves in a situation characterized by an uncertain status and events might affect their concept of their own. It is a crucial and dynamic time in the lives of all young people when puberty is experienced. There is ample evidence that inadequate sleep quality is linked to significant problems, in several aspects during adolescent period. Sleepiness may be a widespread problem in school setting, where both suboptimal sleep duration and sleep disturbance are associated with reduced academic functioning, including attentional difficulties and increased absences.
Methodology: A survey research approach was used in the study. The conceptual model was based on the microsystem adopted from the Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Model and modified to conceptualize the sleep quality and sleep hygienic practices in adolescents. The Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Model (1979) is a framework which reflects the highly interactive reciprocal relationship between individual, society and family. To select 150 samples from the selected schools a proportionate stratified random sampling method was used. Data was collected using four questionnaires, one for general demographic data, second was Sleep Hygiene Index (SHI), third was Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) to assess the sleep quality and fourth was a checklist for assessing factors affecting sleep. The data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results: The result of the study showed that the highest percentage (57.3%) of adolescents had moderate sleep hygiene practices with a score range of 28-42. Most (88%) of them had good level of sleep quality. Least (0.66%) had good sleep onset quality. The sleep onset latency of the adolescents showed that 49 (32%) had less than 15 minutes, 21.3% had latency of 16-30 minutes, 28.6% (43) had latency of 31-60 minutes while 26 (17.3%) had sleep onset latency of more than 60 minutes. The mean duration of night sleep of adolescents showed that most of them (28.6%) had obtained their optimal level of sleep, i.e., > 9 hours and 28% had obtained 6-7 hours of sleep. The sleep efficacy of the adolescents showed most (32.0%) of them had obtained more than 65-74% of sleep efficiency, some of the adolescents displayed unusual sleep disturbance and none of the adolescents reported uses of any sleep medications. Majority of them (39.9%) reported severe day time dysfunction. Majority of the adolescents (82.25%) said they were engaging in extracurricular activities other than their studies. Whereas 52.3 percentage of them were having tuition classes and 69.0% of them were facing problems in school, 48.8% had family problems, 41.0% of them had health issues, 60% of them were engaging in hobbies. The study shows no significant relationship between the sleep quality and sleep hygiene practices and there was no significant association of sleep hygiene practices and sleep quality with demographic variables.
Conclusion: The findings of the study proved that adolescents in the study obtained recommended hours of sleep for their age on school days. Sleep hygiene practices and sleep quality were moderately good among adolescents.