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International Journal of Applied Research
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ISSN Print: 2394-7500, ISSN Online: 2394-5869, CODEN: IJARPF

International Journal of Applied Research

Vol. 4, Issue 12, Part A (2018)

Incidence of head and neck cancer associated with papillomavirus in relation to smoking at a tertiary care centre

Author(s)
Sunil Kumar Agrawala and Mahesh Chandra Sahoo
Abstract
The trends in head and neck cancer incidence and smoking prevalence are studied, discussing where such trends parallel but also how and why they may not. In the public health efforts at tobacco control and education have successfully reduced the prevalence of cigarette smoking, resulting in a lower incidence of head and neck cancer. Vigilance at preventing tobacco use and encouraging cessation should continue, and expanded efforts should target particular ethnic and socioeconomic groups. However, an unfortunate stagnation has been observed in oropharyngeal cancer incidence and likely reflects a rising attribution of this disease to oncogenic human papillomavirus, in particular type 16 (HPV-16). For the foreseeable future, this trend in oropharyngeal cancer incidence may continue, but with time the effects of vaccination of the adolescent and young adult female population should result in a lower viral prevalence and hopefully a reduced incidence of oropharyngeal cancer. To hasten the reduction of HPV-16 prevalence in the population, widespread vaccination of adolescent and young adult males should also be considered.
Pages: 47-51  |  350 Views  7 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Sunil Kumar Agrawala, Mahesh Chandra Sahoo. Incidence of head and neck cancer associated with papillomavirus in relation to smoking at a tertiary care centre. Int J Appl Res 2018;4(12):47-51.
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