Inflammatory bowel disease is a chronic relapsing inflammatory condition of the gastrointestinal tract. A descriptive study was conducted to observe the prevalence of inflammatory bowel disease and associated predisposing factors. Most of the patients have the past medical history of various disease as bloody stools, bleeding per rectum and some are anemic. It is more common between the age of 15-45. Different drugs are used for its treatment like Omeprazole, Itopride HCL, Levosulpiride and sucralfate syrup. But most commonly used dug is Mesalamine (5-amino salicylic acid).
Materials and Methods: A descriptive, observational, questionnaire based study was conducted to observe the prevalence, associated predisposing factors and awareness level about inflammatory bowel disease in different hospitals of Lahore. Sample size was one hundred and fifty subjects both male and female between 15-45 years of age had been prescribed with inflammatory bowel disease. Duration of the study was two months. Various public sector and private sector clinical settings were visited for the purpose of this study. The results have been interpreted and presented graphically and in tabular form using Microsoft Excel.
Results: The results showed that prevalence of disease is more common in males than females. While awareness level was low in studied population regarding inflammatory bowel disease. Most of the people experienced bloody stools. Some of the eating habits which aggravate the bowel disease like caffeine consumption and alcohol drinking produce effects in fewer patients but tobacco smoking worsen the condition in 90% patients. Mesalamine is most commonly used drug for inflammatory bowel disease
Conclusion: From the present study result it was concluded that the inflammatory bowel disease is under considerations in Pakistan as most of the patients feel hesitation in getting the treatment and are unaware of the severity of the disease. There are several other reasons behind inflammatory bowel diseases like caffeine consumption, alcohol, junk food, smoking which worsen the disease. Different drugs are used for its treatment. But most commonly used dug is Mesalamine (5-amino salicylic acid).