Cardiac thoracic surgery is a treatment that affects even the patient’s relative whether it’s a child or adult, where the family members need to learn about managing the postoperative cardiac care which include therapeutic care, wound care, diet, infection prevention. Having stated thus, a detailed information about the management after discharge is required to help families take proper care of the child after discharge. Purpose of the study was to assess the effect of information booklet on knowledge regarding the postoperative care at home among caregivers of children who had undergone cardiac surgery.
Materials and method: The study is based on pre -experimental method, the tool consisted of 2 sections, i.e. demographic data and 25 structured questionnaire Non-probability purposive sampling technique was adopted to collect 50 samples. Knowledge level were assessed before the intervention followed by administration of information booklet regarding postoperative cardiac care at home for children. Posttest carried out on 7th day after the administration of information booklet.
Result: Findings showed that in the study, majority (30 %) of the caregivers falls in the age group of 25–29 years The greater part (68%) of caregivers has an educational status upto primary level.It also revealed that 48% caregivers were employed. Most of them (34%) stays for1-4 hours each day with patient in the postoperative period. It also shows that majority (86%) of caregivers in pretest had an average knowledge score (8-15) where as in posttest majority (78%) of caregivers have a good knowledge score (16 above). The computed ‘t’ equals to 11.88. since the p-value from the test is less than the tabulated value of degree of significance at 0.05, indicating that there is an association between the demographic profiles of amount of time spent by the caregivers with the child and pretest knowledge score, however there was no association with other variables.
Conclusion: It can be concluded that after administration of the information booklet, knowledge of majority of caregivers considerably increased to a good score in posttest. Since it has been confirmed that there is close link between the demographic profile of staying hours with the pretest knowledge score and hence it is suggested that the parents or primary caregivers can be allowed to stay with the child during the postoperative period which can help increase in knowledge regarding the postoperative management and care.