Contact: +91-9711224068
International Journal of Applied Research
  • Multidisciplinary Journal
  • Printed Journal
  • Indexed Journal
  • Refereed Journal
  • Peer Reviewed Journal

ISSN Print: 2394-7500, ISSN Online: 2394-5869, CODEN: IJARPF

International Journal of Applied Research

Vol. 4, Issue 8, Part B (2018)

A study to assess the knowledge and practice regarding home management of chronically ill clients among care givers residing in selected slums

Author(s)
Surekha Kasab and Rupali Salvi
Abstract
Introduction: In a country, care of terminally ill is often on a priority. The individual with musculoskeletal injury accounts for about 66%of all system and primary causes of disability. Chronicaly illness are an integral part of the process of old age and present as repetitive, psychological stress as a result of physical disability, and finances, and disruption in family and social life. After all drug treatment 33% of patients do not improve. Estimated population of chronically ill patients in India was 50million by 2017.Caregiver refers to an unpaid family member, friend, relatives who provides care to an individual who has an acute or chronic condition and needs assistance to manage variety of tasks. The prolonged bed rest and immobilization inevitable, leads to complications such as loss of muscle strength and endurance, contracture, soft tissue changes deep vein thrombo phlebitis, skin integrity. Taking in to consideration these issues, a study was designed to explore the self-care practices of the chronically ill patients of villages and urban slums pcmc area.
Methods Research Approach
Research Approach: Descriptive survey approach.
Research design used was exploratory design .the conceptual framework based on health belief model was used for the study which is designed by Hochbaum (1958). The setting for this study was the selected areas of urban and rural areas in PCMC, Pune. Non probability Purposive Sampling Technique was used for 30 samples. The tool developed which includes, Section 1: The demographic variables, Section 2: Level of knowledge regarding home management of chronically ill client among care givers in selected slums. Section 3: Existing practice regarding home management of chronically ill client among care givers in selected slums. Section 4: Association of knowledge regarding home management of chronically ill patients among care givers with demographic variables. Tool for assess the knowledge using structured questionnaire. and for practices using observation checklist. Tool validity was done and tool found reliable. Study found feasible after pilot study.
Results: It has been observed that in this study exploratory design was used. The population for the present study comprised of chronically ill patient above58 years residing in their own home in selected slums at PCMC. Total 30samples were taken, Sample was collected through the use of Non Probability Purposive Sampling Technique. To ensures reliability of tool reliability for knowledge section was assessed using test-retest method Karl Pearson’s Correlation Coefficient was found to be 0.82.reliability for practices was found using inter-rater method Cohen's Kappa was to be found 0.82.The data was analyzed using descriptive & inferential statistics. Chi-square tests were assessing the relationship practices and demographic variables. Chi-square test will be used to associate knowledge of chronically ill client among care givers with selected demographic variables. Majority of 73.3% of the care givers had average knowledge (score 8-14), 16.7% of them had poor knowledge (score 0-7) and 10% of them had good knowledge (score 15-21) regarding home management of chronically ill client. Majority of 96.7% of the care givers had good practices (score 14-20) and 3.3% of them had average practices (score 7-13) regarding home management of chronically ill client. association was assessed using Fisher’s exact test. The p-values are large (greater than 0.05), there is no evidence against null hypothesis. None of the demographic variable was found to have significant association with knowledge of care givers regarding home management of chronically ill patients. Since all the p-values are large (greater than 0.05), there is no evidence against null hypothesis. None of the demographic variable was found to have significant association with practices of care givers regarding home management of chronically ill patients.
Conclusion: It has been observed that in descriptive study indicates that there is no evidence against null hypothesis. This none of the demographic variable was found to have significant association withknowledge of care givers regarding home management of chronically ill patients. There is no evidence against null hypothesis.
Pages: 60-64  |  336 Views  17 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Surekha Kasab, Rupali Salvi. A study to assess the knowledge and practice regarding home management of chronically ill clients among care givers residing in selected slums. Int J Appl Res 2018;4(8):60-64.
Call for book chapter
International Journal of Applied Research