International Journal of Applied Research
Vol. 4, Issue 8, Part C (2018)
Study of ischemic stroke pattern in patients with diabetes and non-diabetes: A prospective study
Background: Stroke is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide and apart from being exceedingly harmful in diabetics, stroke is a disabling disorder. Aims and Objectives: To study the CT/MRI findings in ischemic stroke (IS) patients with or without diabetes. Materials and Methods: One hundred and twenty IS patients were studied in Medicine and Neurology wards in G.R. Medical College, Gwalior from August 2015 to August 2016 after dividing them in to Diabetes (n=60, IS patients with diabetes) and Non-diabetes (n=60, IS patients without diabetes). Detailed histories including age, sex and hypertension status were recorded. All the subjects underwent CT/MRI of brain for identification of infract type and position. Results: Maximum patients in diabetes and non-diabetes group were form the age group of 51-60 years (26.66%) and 61-70 years (28.33) respectively. Male preponderance was observed in both diabetes (75%) and non-diabetes groups (66.67%). CT/MRI of brain of diabetes group revealed that most of the patients were having right middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarct (30%) followed by multiple infarct (16.66%) whereas among non-diabetes group most common infarct was left MCA infarct (31.66%) and multiple infarct (31.66%). Lacunar infarct was observed in 20% and 8.33% patients in diabetes and non-diabetes patients respectively. Conclusion: Ischemic stroke was more common in older male patients. Middle cerebral artery infraction and Lacunar infarct were the most common finding in CT/MRI.
How to cite this article:
Dr. Preetha R Pillai, Dr. Dharmendra Tiwari. Study of ischemic stroke pattern in patients with diabetes and non-diabetes: A prospective study. Int J Appl Res 2018;4(8):139-141.