Dengue fever is an acute, mosquito-transmitted viral disease characterized by fever, headache, arthralgia, myalgia, rash, nausea, and vomiting. Infections are caused by any of four virus serotypes (DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3, and DEN-4).The incidence of dengue is increasing in most tropical areas throughout the world. Dengue fever, a very old disease, has reemerged in the past 20 years with an expanded geographic distribution of both the viruses and the mosquito vectors, increased epidemic activity, the development of hyperendemicity (the co-circulation of multiple serotypes),and the emergence of dengue hemorrhagic fever in new geographic regions. In 1998 this mosquito-borne disease is the most important tropical infectious disease after malaria, with an estimated100 million cases of dengue fever, 500,000cases of dengue hemorrhagic fever, and 25,000deaths annually.
Methods Research Approach
Research Approach: Exploratory Approach
Research design used was pre-test-post-test pre-experimental design. The conceptual framework based on health belief model was used for the study which is designed by Hochbaum (1958). The setting for this study was the selected areas of the study was conducted at the Gawali nagar, Phuleaagar, and Vitthalnagar of pimpri chinchwad Municipal Corporation of Pune city. Non-probability Convenience sampling technique was used for 60 samples.
Results: It has been observed that in this study pre-test-post-test pre-experimental design was used. The population for the present study comprised of people above 20 to 60years residing in their own home in selected slums at PCMC at Pune city. Total 60 samples were taken, Sample was collected through the use of Non-probability Convenience sampling technique.
Conclusion: It has been observed that in Exploratory study indicates that there is In pretest, majority of 65% of the people had poor knowledge (score 0-6) and 35% of them had average knowledge (score7-13) regarding dengue fever. In pre-test, more than half (53.3%) of the people had good practices (score11-15) and 46.7% of them had average practices (score6-10) regarding dengue fever among people residing in slums. In pre-test, majority of 65% of the people had poor knowledge (score0-6) and 35% of them had average knowledge (score 7-13) regarding dengue fever. In post-test, 45% of them had good knowledge (Score14-20) and 55% of them had average knowledge (score7-13) regarding dengue fever among people residing in slums.