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ISSN Print: 2394-7500, ISSN Online: 2394-5869, CODEN: IJARPF

International Journal of Applied Research

Vol. 5, Special Issue 12, Part A (2019)

The success of caliph al-Hafiz of The Religion of God in ending the rule of ministers after his renewal under his reign and the unilateral rule of the Fatimid state until his death (524-544 Ah/1129-1149 AD)

Author(s)
Dr. Ali Saddam Nasr Allah
Abstract
In getting rid of the domination of the ministers during his reign (495-524 Ah/1101-1129 A.D.) and his unilateral rule under the Fatimid state, this domination soon returned under the reign of caliph al-Hafiz allah (524-544 Ah/1129-1149) which followed in the rule of the state, as a result of several factors and circumstances, perhaps. One of the most important is that al-Hafiz assumed power in unusual circumstances resulting from the assassination of the caliph al-Amir, and then the emergence of an heir problem in the rule of the state, the accounts differed in determining it. Therefore, after the assassination of the commander, al-Hafiz was not appointed immediately after the assassination of the commander as an actual or stable successor, but was appointed as a warehouse successor or a successor to the heir of the command, which weakened his position, because he was not a supposed caliph of obedience from the forces of the state and all its elements, especially since these forces were not in harmony with each other on the one hand, With the Fatimid dynasty, on the other hand, this led to the resurgence of the phenomenon of the tyranny of ministers under the Fatimid state again under the caliph al-Hafez. The circumstances of the fatimid state, which was turbulent at the time, gave these ministers an opportunity to emerge, driven by their ambition to take power and despotism, in keeping with the tradition created by Badr al-Jamali, the first ministers of delegation, so that this tyranny also included the ministers who appointed them the conservative with a desire. from him and they did not impose on him. It was aided by the tyranny of these ministers that each of them was surrounded by a group of supporting soldiers. In addition, the al-Hafiz era also witnessed a second division in the ranks of the Ismaili da'wa, after the first division into Nizari and Mustaia, as The Ismailis divided in his reign into conservative supporters of the right of the governor in the caliphate, and the kindness of supporters of the right of Tayeb bin al-Amir, which led to the weakening of the Fatimid state in a way A year later he contributed to its final fall in 567 Ah/1171 AD. Despite the gravity of the challenges faced by the Fatimid state under the Hafiz for the religion of God, which not only the tyranny of his ministers by the rule of the state without him, but also included some attempts at coup sought to remove him from the post of caliphate, he proved great ability to face those challenges. He managed to win the result of this confrontation in his favor, and succeeded in eliminating those coup attempts and ending the tyranny of his ministers after eight years of his effective rule, in the year 534 H/1139, which saw him dispense with the actions of the ministers for the remainder of his rule of about ten years, alone by virtue of The Fatimid state until his death in 544 Ah/1149 AD
Pages: 14-25  |  326 Views  8 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Dr. Ali Saddam Nasr Allah. The success of caliph al-Hafiz of The Religion of God in ending the rule of ministers after his renewal under his reign and the unilateral rule of the Fatimid state until his death (524-544 Ah/1129-1149 AD). Int J Appl Res 2019;5(12S):14-25.
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