Introduction: Globally, more than one third of under-five deaths are attributable to under-nutrition. About 20 per cent of children under-age five in India are wasted, 43per cent underweight and48percent shunted. In terms of numbers about54million children under five years in India are underweight which constitutes about37percent of the total underweight children in the world.
Methods research approach
Research Approach: Evaluative approach. Research design used was Pre experimental, pre test & post test one group design. Conceptual framework based on Rosentochoch‘s & Becker‘s Health Belief Model (1953). The setting for this study was the selected areas of the Dr. D.Y Patil Hospital and YCM Hospital for the study. Children of 1 to 5 year of age malnutrition children admitted in hospital PCMC Pune. The purposive sampling method was used for selecting 30 sample. The tool developed which includes, Section1: Section I-Socio–Demographic data Section-II-Structured interview schedule dietary practice. Section III-Observational Check list for malnutrition. Section IV-Details of Nutritional supplement. Tool for assess the knowledge using structured questionnaire and Fisher’s Exact Test’ would be applied to determine the significance of findings.
Tool validity was done and tool found reliable. Study found feasible after pilot study.
Results: Research design selected for this study is Pre experimental, pre test & post test one group design. Sample was collected through the use of Purposive Sampling Technique. The reliability was done by integrator method Calculation was done by Guttmann correlation formula and reliability coefficient of tool was 0.9, which was found to be Reliable. Section II–90% of the under five children were have moderate malnutrition.43.3% of them had calorie intake below 1100. Section III-paired t-test for comparison of pretest and post test weight of under five children. Average weight on day1was 12.6 kg which increased to12.9 by the end of nutrition supplement. T-value for this comparison was 9.1 Corresponding p-value was 0.000, which is small (less than 0.05), the null hypothesis is rejected.
Section-IV-The p-values are large (greater than 0.05), there is no evidence against null hypothesis. None of the demographic variable was found to have significant association with calorie intake of under five children. The content validity was determined by experts.
Conclusion: Malnutrition which showed that analysis of pre test and post test weight of under five children. Average weight on day1was12.6 kg which increased to12.9 by the end of nutrition supplement.