Urinary incontinence is not life-threatening but it can have a profound effect on HRQoL quality of life comparable to diabetes, AIDS, stroke, and multiple sclerosis. It has a substantial impact on women’s social, physical and psychological well-being such as depression and anxiety. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of UI and its types on the quality of life of adult Saudi women in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA).
Methods: We performed a cross-sectional survey. 340 women aged 18 years and older, agreed to participate in the study, were selected who attended the primary health care centers affiliated to the ministry of health, Riyadh, KSA. the Arabic version of the Kings health questionnaire was utilized to measure Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) of patients with UI.
Results: Out of 340 women recruited, 145 (42.6%) were diagnosed as having UI. Their age ranged between 18-72 year old with a mean 36±12.46 years. in this study UUI was of highest significance, followed by SUI and then MUI. The negative UI impact was most apparent on the physical activities, where 16.2% of the patients expressed that they were slightly or moderately affected.
Conclusions: Forty-two percent of the women in Riyadh suffered from urinary incontinence. It can adversely impair their HRQL. Most of the women did not seek medical care. In the recent years, researchers have shifted to other questions regarding investigating more in-depth domains to understand UI, and if they have an impact on quality of life, and if there is, what would the impact be.