Vol. 5, Issue 7, Part F (2019)
Land use pattern in Madhubani urban area
Dr. Dinesh Kumar Sahu
Madhubani District is located in the Border of the vast northern Gangetic plain of north Bihar. Madhubani District is the northern district of Darbhanga division lying between 26° 40' north latitude and 85°44' to 86°44' east longitudes. It is bounded on the north by the Nepal Tarai on the west by Sitamarhi district of the Tirhut division, on the east by Supaul of Kosi division and on the south by Darbhanga district and in shape the district resembles a parallelogram, breadth from west to east being a little greater than its mean length from north to south. It consists of a rich alluvial plain interfered by numerous rivers and streams originating from Nepal and running almost parallel to each other from north to south. Chief rivers are little Bagmati Kamla, Kareh, Balan and Tiljuga, Kosi, etc. There are four urban areas, Madhubani, Jaynagar, Jhanjharpur and Ghoghardiha in Madhubani District. Madhubani Town is situated on the eastern bank of the river kamala plain and the functional use of land is influenced by the river side location of the town as well as the main rail route of N.E. Railway passing through the town and historical sites and religious places inside the municipal limit. Important categories of land use are residential, commercial, industrial, recreational, institutional, administrative, transport, playground and other categories. The above mentioned table reveals the dominance of the residential use of the urban centre of Madhubani because a good number of resourceful persons have migrated from rural areas to the urban centre of Madhubani due to deterioration in law and other conditions in the rural area. These people also have purchased larger plots in urban areas and have constructed dwellings in part of the plot. The second position goes to the open spaces, playground and other government land lying in the form of pasture such areas are about 36.5% the development of road network inside the settlement has engaged 4.1 percent areas of the town. Commercial and administrative areas have engaged 2.9% and 2.3% area of the town respectively. The urban centre of Madhubani has unplanned growth. As such all functional areas consisting of residential, commercial, administrative, educational, recreational etc., have also developed haphazardly leading to unplanned development of roads, streets, sewerage and electricity connections and other services amenities. The urban centre is well linked with main urban centres of the states of Bihar as well as adjoining international country of Nepal.
How to cite this article:
Dr. Dinesh Kumar Sahu. Land use pattern in Madhubani urban area. Int J Appl Res 2019;5(7):530-534.