Vol. 6, Issue 4, Part B (2020)
Energy intake, energy expenditure and BMI of 1<sup>st</sup> year medical and paramedical students
Energy intake, energy expenditure and BMI of 1st year medical and paramedical students
Jitender Sorout, Sudhanshu Kacker, Neha Saboo, Harsha Soni and Karampreet Kour Buttar
Medical and paramedical students are the backbone of health sector. They generally skip the meals due to their hectic schedule. So the aim of present study was to examine the Energy Intake (i.e. calorie intake), Energy Expenditure (i.e. REE) and BMI of 1st
Year Medical and Paramedical Students.
Methods: 80 medical and 80 paramedical students were assessed for BMI, CI and REE. BMI was calculated using the measurements of height and weight. Calorie intake was assessed with the help of modified food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and resting energy expenditure (REE) was obtained using indirect calorimetry.
Results: Mean ages of participants under the medical and paramedical groups were 19.9±2.11 and 19.72±1.46 years respectively. Age and height of the participants from both the groups were not significantly different, but a significant difference existed in weight of them. Participants from both the groups were falling under the normal category of BMI, but still a significant difference existed in the BMI of 2groups. Similarly, per day calorie intake of both groups was not significantly different, but there was a significant difference in resting energy expenditure (kcal/day) in both the groups.
Conclusion: Though the calorie intake was almost similar in the medical and paramedical students, BMI and REE were found to be higher in medical students than in paramedical students. Reason behind it may be that the medical students have a busier schedule or more of a sedentary lifestyle than the paramedical students.
How to cite this article:
Jitender Sorout, Sudhanshu Kacker, Neha Saboo, Harsha Soni, Karampreet Kour Buttar. Energy intake, energy expenditure and BMI of 1st year medical and paramedical students. Int J Appl Res 2020;6(4):81-84.