AbstractAims and objectives
1. To analyze the prevalence of modifiable risk factors in young ischemic stroke patients.
2. To analyze the degree of significance of the modifiable risk factors in young ischemic stroke patients.
3. To analyze the age and gender distribution of the individual modifiable risk factors.
4. To compare between the modifiable risk factors in order to assess possible correlation between them.
Materials and methods
Study design: This study was undertaken as a case-control study among patients admitted to Dr SM CSI Medical College Hospital, Karakonam in the department of neuro-medicine.
Study population: Case: A case was defined as a person aged 45 yrs. or less who had sustained an ischemic stroke i.e. abrupt onset of a neurological deficit that was attributable to a focal vascular cause, caused by arterial occlusion and confirmed by CT scan of the head.
Sample size: The odds ratio of the smallest risk factor was considered and the sample size was calculated accordingly. The number of cases and controls studied were 60 each.
Results and conclusion: The study was undertaken as a case control study among patients admitted to Dr SM CSI Medical College & Hospital, Karakonam, 60 cases with young ischemic stroke and 60 matched controls were included in the study. Data regarding study variables was collected using a structured interview schedule; Data was analyzed using appropriate statistical measures. The following conclusions were arrived at.