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International Journal of Applied Research
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ISSN Print: 2394-7500, ISSN Online: 2394-5869, CODEN: IJARPF

IMPACT FACTOR (RJIF): 8.4

Vol. 6, Issue 8, Part B (2020)

Study to assess effect of health teaching on knowledge and practices regarding home management of children with tuberculosis among parents visiting OPD of selected hospitals

Study to assess effect of health teaching on knowledge and practices regarding home management of children with tuberculosis among parents visiting OPD of selected hospitals

Author(s)
Heera Bhalerao, Shweta Joshi and Rupali Salvi
Abstract
Introduction: Prevention is better than cure, is a clichéd age-old adage but it has epitomical significance in rendering a better and healthy society. A lot has been said about Tuberculosis is detection, treatment, etc. but, surprisingly, not much is being done about prevention of tuberculosis infection.Tuberculosis is the single greatest curable actions killer in today’s world which is a global problem that requires global solutions. Although the incidence diseases is concentrated in the developing world. In the last decade tuberculosis has re-emerged as a major worldwide public health hazard with increasing incidence among adults and children represent a small percentage of all TB cases, infected children are a reservoir from which many adult cases will arise.
Methods Research Approach
Research Approach: Descriptive survey approach. Research design used was exploratory design. The conceptual framework based on General System Model was used for the study which is designed by Von Bertalanffy (1968). The setting for this study was the selected areas of the Talera Hospital, Akurdi hospital, Nigadi Government Hospital of Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation of Pune city. Non probability Purposive Sampling Technique was used for 50samples. The tool developed which includes,
Section 1: The demographic variables.
Section 2: Assessment of the knowledge and practices score.
Section 3: Evaluate the effectiveness of health teaching on home management of children with Tuberculosis.
Section 4: Level of knowledge score of parent’s pre and post.
Section 5: Association of knowledge and practice score of parents in relation to demographic variables applied to determine the significance of findings.
Tool validity was done and tool found reliable. Study found feasible after pilot study.
Results: Practice pretest score was 36.78 (58.38 %). It revealed that the samples had average practices. The mean practice posttest score was 54.10 (85.47%).Its revealed that there has marked improvement in practices level after giving health teaching Knowledge regarding home care management of children with tuberculosis among the parents the mean knowledge level was 7.06 (35.03 %). Its reveals that the samples had average knowledge the mean knowledge level 14.64(72.61%). It’s revealed that there is marked improvement knowledge level after giving health teaching. pre test the mean of the knowledge score obtained sample was 7.06 and in the post test it rose to 14.64pretest the mean of the practice score obtained sample was 36.78.post test it rose to54.10.practices score sample marked improvement after giving Health teaching section deals with the analysis of data to determine the level of pre test and post test knowledge and practices score of the sample. Association of level of knowledge score is calculated by using Chi-square test.in pre test 64% of the samples had average level of knowledge score, 36 % had poor level of knowledge score. In post test 72 % of the samples had excellent level of knowledge score and 28 % had good level of knowledge score. difference between pre test and post test level of knowledge score is found to be statistically significant (ﭏ2-value= 9.08). In pre test 94 % of the samples had average level of practices score, 06 % had good level of knowledge score. In post test 98 % of the samples had good level of practices score and 02 % had average level of knowledge score. The difference between pre test and post test level of knowledge score is found to be statistically significant (ﭏ2-value= 7.32).
Conclusion: The study was a new learning experience for the investigator. In pre test 64% of the samples had average knowledge score, 36 % had poor knowledge score. In post test 72 % of the samples had excellent knowledge score and 28 % had good knowledge score. The difference between pre test and post test knowledge score is found to be statistically significant (ﭏ2-value= 9.08). In pre test 94 % of the samples had average practices score,06 % had good knowledge score.In post test 98 % of the samples had good practices score and 02 % had average knowledge score.
Pages: 83-88  |  535 Views  55 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Heera Bhalerao, Shweta Joshi, Rupali Salvi. Study to assess effect of health teaching on knowledge and practices regarding home management of children with tuberculosis among parents visiting OPD of selected hospitals. Int J Appl Res 2020;6(8):83-88.
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