AbstractBackground and Objectives:
Students and backpack are common sight today. Nowadays, a large number of students experience spinal pain quite early in life due to heavy school bag loads. The recommended bag weight is less than 10%-15% of their body weight, heavy weight of school bags may result in musculoskeletal and psychological problems in government and private school going children. This study was conducted to compare the cervical angle with and without backpack among government and private school going children.
Aim: The aim of the study is to compare the cervical angle with and without backpack in government and private school going children.
Method: A sample of 200 subjects were selected to take part in the study based on fulfilment of inclusion and exclusion criteria. They were made to sign an informed consent by their parents. Convenient sampling was used in this study. The subjects were divided into two types. Type 1- Government school going children, Type 2- Private school going children. By using ON protractor app craniovertebral angle and cranio horizontal angle with bag and without bag were assessed in 100 government and 100 private school children.
Results: The demographic data of all subjects who participated in the study, the mean of age, gender, height and bag weight of government school children were 10 years, male, 151 cm and 2 kg while the mean of age, gender, height and bag weight of private school children were 12 years, male, 151 cm and 5 kg, respectively. There is significant difference between cranio vertebral and cranio horizontal angle with backpack and without backpack between government and private school going children.
Conclusion: Cervical angle of government school children with bag and without bag was better than private school children.