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International Journal of Applied Research
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ISSN Print: 2394-7500, ISSN Online: 2394-5869, CODEN: IJARPF

IMPACT FACTOR (RJIF): 8.4

Vol. 8, Issue 8, Part D (2022)

Fracture ouvertes des os de la jambe: Profil épidémiologique, clinique et thérapeutique aux cliniques universitaires de Lubumbashi. De Janvier 2018 à December 2020

Fracture ouvertes des os de la jambe: Profil épidémiologique, clinique et thérapeutique aux cliniques universitaires de Lubumbashi. De Janvier 2018 à December 2020

Author(s)
Manix ILUNGA BANZA, Igor MUJINGA WA MUJINGA, Dimitri KANAYANDA NAFATALEWA, Trésor KIBANGULA KASANGA, Augustin KIBONGE MUKAKALA, Serge NGOIE YUMBA, Emmy MANDA KISIMBA, Mylord KAMBU NGOMA and Danny NDUA KAPEND
Abstract
Introduction: Prevention of infection remains the critical goals in open fracture treatment. This study reports the epidemiological, clinical and therapeutics features at Lubumbashi teaching hospital.
Methods: the study covers a three-year period, including retrospective study from January 2018 to December 2020. Data collection was performed through a standardized survey form included many parameters.
Results: 44 cases of open leg fractures were registered in 42 patients, this represented 2.46% in orthopedics and traumatology department and 5.92% in surgery. The most common age brackets were 20- 29 years (65.91%). The mean age (33.41years) ranging from 8 to 80 years. Males accounted for 73.80% with a ratio sex M/F of 2.81. The most common etiology was traffic accidents (88.64%). Mostly the mechanism was direct (81.82%); 73.80% of patients arrived within 6 hours. Clinical sign mostly represented were deformation of the leg (95.46%). Most of fracture was classified in Cauchoix 2 (45.45%) with head injury like most associated injury (34.10%). Radiologically, the fracture line through the bone was oblique in 38.64% of cases and transverse in 29.55%.
38.64 % of open leg fractures occur in the middle third of the bone in our study. Definitive treatment consisting in putting a plaster window (18.18%) and external fixation (40.90% of cases).
Conclusion: open leg fracture is an almost daily practice which the management must be delicate.
Mots clés: fracture ouverte – jambe – épidémiologie - prise en charge.
Pages: 274-282  |  726 Views  337 Downloads


International Journal of Applied Research
How to cite this article:
Manix ILUNGA BANZA, Igor MUJINGA WA MUJINGA, Dimitri KANAYANDA NAFATALEWA, Trésor KIBANGULA KASANGA, Augustin KIBONGE MUKAKALA, Serge NGOIE YUMBA, Emmy MANDA KISIMBA, Mylord KAMBU NGOMA, Danny NDUA KAPEND. Fracture ouvertes des os de la jambe: Profil épidémiologique, clinique et thérapeutique aux cliniques universitaires de Lubumbashi. De Janvier 2018 à December 2020. Int J Appl Res 2022;8(8):274-282. DOI: 10.22271/allresearch.2022.v8.i8d.10081
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